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Major depression, we also know as severe depression, clinical depression, unipolar depression, or naturally depression. It is about lousy mood and loss of interest and enjoyment of regular activities as well as other symptoms (along with four or more) mentioned in the previous chapter. The symptoms occur most days and last at least two weeks. Depression symptoms affect all areas of a person’s life, including work and social relationships.
Types of major depression
Major depression does not equal gloom. For most of us, it is reasonable to feel bad or even have a low point. However, if you are in this condition for a long time, experts talk about 14 days, this condition harms your everyday life. Then it may be that you are suffering from clinical depression. This condition, or illness, must be treated by doctors with medication! Besides, in my opinion, therapeutic accompaniments are part of this treatment to change your lifestyle.
Today we differentiate between different types and severity of depression. Triggers of this disease are experiences and experiences in life. Another trigger is chemical changes in the brain.
Whatever the reason, your first step is to tell your loved ones that you are sick. The second and most crucial step is to see a doctor. The doctor will refer you to a psychologist to find out what kind of depression you are.
If the diagnosis has revealed something, and you know what type of depression you have, the doctor can target your treatment. A proper and well-founded diagnosis is the all-important step for your appropriate treatment.
There are several types of depressive disorders. Of course, depending on the degree and severity of depression, depression has different characteristics and triggers. The unique features recognize only specially trained physicians, and therefore, early detection is the best.
Severities of Major Depression
Although some of the symptoms and stress are evident, the disorder leads to only ‘minor impairment of social or occupational functioning.’
Symptoms lie somewhere between mild and severe.
Many symptoms are present. In severe depression, the intensity of the symptoms is very stressful, and you can not control them. They affect your professional and social life.
Forms of major depressions
a) A severe way is melancholy
• Here are many physical symptoms of depression.
• This behavior is a fundamental change. The sick person is entirely listless for everything and everyone. You can say that the patient can not enjoy anything anymore, the technical term: Anhedonia.
The signs of this form are usually worse in the morning than the rest of the day.
Major depression symptoms include:
- The sadness, the despair, the feeling of being ’empty’ are your constant companions
- You wake up way too early in the morning
- Your movements slow down, and you are restless
- There is a significant weight loss
- Your feelings of guilt are excessive
- If a patient suffers from a major depressive disorder with melancholic characteristics, it must be treated by a family doctor together with a psychiatrist.
b) Psychotic Depression
• This major depression is associated with delusions, hallucinations, and feelings of paranoia.
• If you have this form, you have a loss of perception of reality and psychosis.
• Besides, these people often have so-called hallucinations. They see or hear things that are not there or even have delusions. They mean that they are being watched or persecuted.
• Have you already heard people say, “I’m to blame for everything, or am I the cause of something?” These people are paranoid. This change of behavior is also a sign of this stage.
• Because psychotic depression is severe, doctors use antidepressants and antipsychotics in their treatment.
• Carefully examine the severity of the side effects. Treatment with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is sometimes better.
• This form is a rarer type of depression.
c) Prenatal and postnatal depression
• Pregnant women are at an increased risk of depression. The period covers the prenatal period and the first year after birth.
• The causes of depression can be complicated at this time and are often the result of a combination of factors. In the postnatal phase, many women experience “baby blues,” a common disease associated with hormonal changes, affecting up to 80% of women. The “baby blues” creates new unknown stress.